Overview

An RPM target represents the group of RPMs that must exist on the server for a specific service to function properly.

What is an RPM target?

The rpm.versions system uses the target setting to determine whether to install or uninstall that target's specific RPMs. The target_settings section of the /usr/local/cpanel/etc/rpm.versions file contains the cPanel-provided default status for each target.

For example, the cPanel-provided distribution of ClamAV consists of three RPMs: 

In the /usr/local/cpanel/etc/rpm.versions file, the setting for the clamav RPM target controls how the rpm.versions system manages all three of these components. 

For more information about the /usr/local/cpanel/etc/rpm.versions file, read our The rpm.versions File documentation.

List of RPM targets

RPM target states

The RPM targets on your server may be in any of the following states:

For more information, read our How to Set or Unset RPM Management documentation.

Legacy RPMs

The RPMs that cPanel provided prior to the implementation of the rpm.versions system are now called "legacy" RPMs. The settings in the /var/cpanel/cpanel.config file control these legacy RPMs. The system stores these settings in the /usr/local/cpanel/etc/rpm.versions file.

As with all RPMs, the files in the /var/cpanel/rpm.versions.d/ directory can override the target_settings configuration. 

cpanel.config file settings

The following table lists the settings in the /var/cpanel/cpanel.config file that control the actions of legacy RPMs:

cpanel.config settingRPM target
mysql-versionMySQL55, MySQL56, MariaDB100
local_nameserver_typebind, mydns, nsd
mailserverdovecot, exim
ftpserverpure-ftpd, proftpd

For more information, read our The cpanel.config File documentation.

Additional documentation

  • How to Set or Unset RPM Management — This document provides steps for how to set RPM targets to unmanaged, and how to return RPM targets to a managed state.
  • How to Override the rpm.versions System — This document explains the files in the /var/cpanel/rpm.versions.d/ directory, which system administrators and third-party developers can use to modify cPanel-provided RPM management.
  • The update_local_rpm_versions Script — Use the /scripts/update_local_rpm_versions script to update the /var/cpanel/rpm.versions.d/local.versions file.