Linux Containers

Last modified: February 22, 2024



WebPros International, LLC recommends that only experienced system administrators attempt to perform the steps in this document. WebPros International, LLC is not responsible for any data loss that an attempt to perform these steps causes.

WebPros International, LLC supports the use of cPanel & WHM inside of a Linux Container (LXC). An LXC container provides an environment that resembles a standard Linux installation, but does not require a separate kernel. For more information about LXC containers, read the Linux Containers documentation.

Run in a Linux Container

To run cPanel & WHM inside an LXC container, we strongly recommend that you use the following settings:


We strongly recommend that you use Red Hat® Enterprise Linux® (RHEL) 7 or CentOS 7 as your server’s LXC host. This configuration ensures the best compatibility with cPanel & WHM. While other Linux distributions may work, they require that the system administrator perform additional steps that we do not support.


We have not tested LXC on CloudLinux 8 or higher, AlmaLinux OS, or Rocky Linux™ servers.


A CentOS 7 or an RHEL 7 installation require additional steps to use as a guest.

Privileged vs unprivileged containers

cPanel & WHM functions in both privileged and unprivileged containers. We strongly recommend that you run cPanel & WHM in a privileged container, because it expects unrestricted access to the system.

The following limitations are inherent to an unprivileged container:

  • The host operating system treats the root user as a non-root user.

  • You cannot raise the hard limit of a process if you previously lowered it. This action could cause EasyApache 4 to fail.

  • Subtle behavior differences may occur.

Required changes for CentOS 7 or RHEL 7

You must make the following configuration changes to run cPanel & WHM inside an LXC container:

  1. After you create the LXC container, change the lxc.include line in the lxc.conf file to the following line:

    lxc.include = /usr/share/lxc/config/fedora.common.conf

  2. Edit the lxc.conf file to drop setfcap and setpcap capabilities. To do this, comment out the following lines:

    # lxc.cap.drop = setpcap
    # lxc.cap.drop = setfcap


Some system configurations will not run properly with cron inside an LXC container. Individual cron jobs fail to execute even though the cron daemon is active. This issue is a direct result of the incompatibility between the container environment and the pam_loginuid module.

To resolve this conflict, disable the pam_loginuid module for cron with the following comment in the /etc/pam.d/crond directory:

# The PAM configuration file for the cron daemon
# No PAM authentication called, auth modules not needed
account     required
account     include     password-auth
#session    required
session     include     password-auth
auth        include     password-auth

Updates to your cron package may cause the service to reactivate. Inspect this file for changes after each system update.


If your system uses AppArmor, you must also uncomment the following line in the lxc.conf file:

AppArmor version 2.0 and earlier

lxc.aa_profile = unconfined

AppArmor version 2.1 and later

lxc.apparmor.profile = unconfined

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