Last modified: September 22, 2021
This document was previously titled RPM Targets. Beginning in version 98, we added
.deb packages to our codebase to allow cPanel & WHM installations on Ubuntu® systems.
A target represents the group of packages that must exist on the server for a specific service to function properly. Packages can consist of RPMs for Red-Hat® systems (like AlmaLinux OS, CentOS, CloudLinux™) or
.deb packages for Debian® systems (like Ubuntu®).
What is a target setting?
The rpm.versions system uses the target setting to determine whether to install or uninstall that target’s specific packages. The
target_settings section of the
/usr/local/cpanel/etc/rpm.versions file contains the cPanel-provided default status for each target.
For example, the cPanel-provided distribution of ClamAV consists of three packages:
/usr/local/cpanel/etc/rpm.versions file, the setting for the
clamav package target controls how the rpm.versions system manages all three of these components.
For more information about the
/usr/local/cpanel/etc/rpm.versions file, read our The
rpm.versions File documentation.
The targets on your server may exist in any of the following states:
installed— The rpm.versions system ensures that the packages for that target are installed and functional.
uninstalled— The rpm.versions system ensures that the packages for that target are uninstalled.
unmanaged— The rpm.versions system ignores the packages for that target, regardless of whether they are installed on the server.
You may experience problems with certain services if cPanel & WHM does not manage them:
- The rpm.versions system does not update unmanaged packages. These packages require manual upgrades and maintenance.
- If you upgrade a server with unmanaged FTP targets, problems may occur in cPanel’s FTP-related interfaces. For more information, read our How to Restore Missing FTP Interfaces in cPanel documentation.
- Unmanaged package targets may become upgrade blockers for a future version of cPanel & WHM.
- If a MySQL® package target is unmanaged, the system also blocks MariaDB on the server. To successfully use a cPanel-managed installation of either MySQL or MariaDB, the rpm.versions system must manage both package targets.
For more information, read our How to Set or Unset RPM Management documentation.
The packages that cPanel, L.L.C. provided prior to the implementation of the rpm.versions system are now legacy packages. The settings in the
/var/cpanel/cpanel.config file control these legacy packages.
- The system stores these settings in the
- The files in the
/var/cpanel/rpm.versions.d/directory can override the
Configuration file settings
The following list shows the settings in the
/var/cpanel/cpanel.config file that control the actions of legacy packages:
mysql-versionsettings stand for the following values:
5.5- MySQL 5.5
5.6— MySQL 5.6
10.0— MariaDB 10.0
For more information, read our The cpanel.config File documentation.